For Immediate Release
January 3, 2023
John Hadder, Great Basin Resource Watch
Kevin Emmerich, Basin and Range Watch
Katie Fite, Wildlands Defense
Greta Anderson, Western Watersheds Project
Conservation and Public Accountability Groups to argue the Illegality of the proposed Thacker Pass Lithium Mine
RENO, NV. —On Thursday January 5, 2023, the combined plaintiffs, a coalition of conservation and public accountability groups, Tribes, and Thacker Pass area rancher, will present oral arguments in opposition to the Thacker Pass Lithium Mine Final Environmental Impact Statement and Record of Decision in the District of Nevada, challenging the Bureau of Land Management’s (“Bureau”) approval of the Thacker Pass Lithium Mine. The mine was fast tracked by the Trump Administration and completed its environmental review process in less than one year despite the enormous environmental impact to the nearly 18,000 acres of public land that would be affected by the operation.
Plaintiffs will cite the Bureau’s violations of federal laws, including the National Environmental Policy Act and Federal Land Policy and Management Act, when it approved the Thacker Pass Lithium Mine’s Plans of Operation on January 15, 2021.
Thacker Pass is critically important to wildlife because it connects the Double H Mountains to the Montana Mountains. The pass also provides lower-elevation habitat that wildlife need to survive the winter. It will eliminate thousands of acres of the most important type of greater sage-grouse habitat and two pronghorn migration corridors. Golden eagles nesting in the nearby cliffs and canyons forage there for food to feed their chicks. Local springs are the only place in the world where the Kings River pyrg, a rare type of springsnail, are known to live.
Other wildlife at risk from the Thacker Pass mine include Endangered Species Act-listed Lahontan cutthroat trout, bighorn sheep, and pygmy rabbits.
“The Montana Mountains landscape has long been identified as a key area for biodiversity protection in Nevada,” said Katie Fite, Public Lands Director for Wildlands Defense. “Along with adjacent Oregon wild lands, it constitutes one of the last big blocks of the sagebrush sea free of development. Pygmy rabbits, migratory birds and other wildlife suffered a major blow from wildfire a decade ago and habitat has not yet recovered. Now this mega-mine will obliterate vital remaining sagebrush. The mine’s regional disturbance footprint will wallop struggling wildlife populations, causing new declines.”
Plaintiffs will further argue that BLM failed in its duty to protect public resources by allowing a mine that will be a source of groundwater pollution for at least 300 years and not requiring long-term financial assurances.
“The reckless permitting of the Thacker Pass lithium mine sets a bad precedent for the Energy Transition.” said John Hadder, Director of Great Basin Resource Watch. “We now have a situation where the BLM rushed ahead of the state of Nevada permitting process resulting in a federal permit that allows groundwater contamination from the mine pit rejected by the state of Nevada.”
“The Bureau of Land Management must manage Thacker Pass and connecting mountains to preserve essential sage grouse habitat, old growth sagebrush, golden eagle nests, endemic springsnails and additional wildlife,” said Kevin Emmerich, Co-Founder of Basin and Range Watch. “The unique viewshed and dark skies should be managed to retain the existing character of the landscape. The open pit, waste rock facilities, noise and water use required for the Thacker Pass Lithium Mine all would cause critical damage to a remaining stronghold for local wildlife, and the viewshed will be damaged forever.”
“We need a smart energy future that transitions our economy from fossil fuels to renewables without sacrificing rare species in the process,” said Greta Anderson, deputy director with Western Watersheds Project. “We can’t solve the climate crisis by deepening the biodiversity crisis.”
Modern large-scale mining is very destructive to the natural ecosystems and often disruptive to frontline communities. It is estimated by the United Nations International Resource Panel that, “90 percent of biodiversity loss and water stress are caused by resource extraction and processing.” And the Panel goes on to note that, “Annually, the extraction of metals and minerals has risen significantly, from 11.6 billion tons in 1970 to 53.1 billion tons in 2017, accounting for 20% of climate impacts.”
It is essential therefore that the citing of mining operations be done carefully, judiciously, and in a manner that allows for the full range of consequences of the proposed mine to be fully explored and addressed. Never is there a time to fast-track or “expedite” mine permitting even for lithium and other “energy transition” metals. Expediting is a step backward, which will accept incompletely analyzed mine plans that unnecessarily allow environmental damage and run over concerns of the directly affected communities. The permitting process for the proposed Thacker Pass Lithium mine serves as an example of what not to do and thus triggered these lawsuits.
According to Lithium Nevada Corporation’s Plans of Operation, the mine would entail:
- excavation of a large open pit roughly 2.3 miles long by about half a mile at the widest
- removal of 17.2 million tons of rock and ore per year (phase 2)
- direct surface disturbance of 5,694 acres (total project size would be 17,933 acres)
- on-site sulfuric acid plant – 5,800 tons of acid per day during phase 2
- ultimately pumping up to 1.7 billion gallons of water per year
- estimated lifetime of 41 years and 5 years of reclamation
Attorneys from Western Mining Action Project and Western Watersheds Project represent Western Watersheds Project, Great Basin Resource Watch, Basin and Range Watch, and Wildlands Defense.
Western Watersheds Project is a nonprofit environmental conservation group dedicated to protecting and restoring wildlife and watersheds throughout the American West.
Great Basin Resource Watch is a nonprofit public interest organization that works with communities to protect their health, land, air, water, and wildlife of the Great Basin from the adverse effects of mining and resource extraction.
Basin and Range Watch is a 501(c)(3) non-profit working to conserve the deserts of Nevada and California and to educate the public about the diversity of life, culture, and history of the ecosystems and wild lands of the desert.
Wildlands Defense works to inspire and empower the preservation of wild lands, wildlife and biodiversity in the West.
French translation / Traduction française:
My name is Christine Prat, I have been quite often to the West and still have contacts with people there. I am member of the board of CSIA-Nitassinan, the French Committee for Solidarity with Indians of the Americas, my task being the South West of the USA.
Teihm’s Buckwheat was declared endangered and I’ve heard it’s limited to Nevada in the same area where Thacker Pass is too as of December 2022, can anyone verify this as true and update the call to action + statements?
| Tiehm’s buckwheat is considered critically imperiled (“at very high risk of extinction or elimination”) due to its small population, small habitat and threat from mining activities; Tiehm was once quoted as saying “you could wipe the buckwheat out with a bulldozer in a couple of hours”. Mining exploration has increased the prevalence of invasive species in its habitat. As of 2022, a planned 640-acre (260 ha) open cast lithium mine by Ioneer is expected to destroy up to 90% of the habitat and approximately 50–70% of the known population.
References in the wiki:
 “Eriogonum tiehmii”. explorer.natureserve.org. NatureServe. Archived from the original on 9 July 2020. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
 Peters, Adele (25 January 2022). “In a battle between this endangered flower and a lithium mine, who should win?”. Fast Company. Archived from the original on 25 January 2022. Retrieved 25 January 2022
 Federman, Adam (9 February 2020). “‘This is the Wild West Out Here’. How Washington is bending over backward for mining companies in Nevada at the expense of environmental rules”. Politico. Archived from the original on 25 January 2022. Retrieved 25 January 2022.
Hi Ina, Tiehm’s Buckwheat is endangered; its habitat is at Rhyolite Ridge south of Thacker Pass, where a very tiny patch of the buckwheat still lives. That area is being developed for a lithium mine by Ioneer, a different company than the one developing Thacker Pass Lithium mine (Lithium Nevada). The Center for Biological Diversity is leading the fight against the Rhyolite Ridge mine–you can read more about it here: https://biologicaldiversity.org/w/news/press-releases/blm-starts-permitting-for-nevada-lithium-mine-that-threatens-rare-wildflower-2022-12-19/
p.s. there is a rare buckwheat at Thacker Pass named Crosby’s Buckwheat. You can read about it here: https://www.protectthackerpass.org/species-of-the-week-crosbys-buckwheat/
French translation / Traduction française:
Member of CSIA-Nitassinan, French Committee for Solidarity with Indians of the Americas, my task being the South-West of the USA, where I have friends and visited many times.